Binding process for pamphlets or booklets which works by stapling through the middle fold of the sheets.
Optical scanner, also electric device used in making color separation.
Point-by-Point electronic scanning of color separations under computer control.
The process and the resulting crease mechanically impressed in the paper to facilitate folding while guarding against cracking of paper and board. Scoring is essential when heavyweight papers are to be folded across the grain.
The ruling used to determine the dots per unit area in developing tonal values in the printed piece. Screens from which letterpress halftones of photographs are made range from 60 lines-per-inch for printing on newsprint to 150 lines for printing on coated paper. Offset halftones for printing on most surfaces range from 133 lines to 200 lines.
Printing process uses a screen of fine-mesh silk stretched across a frame. A squeegee is drawn across the screen forcing ink through the open image areas.
A popular style of bookbinding in which the signatures are gathered in sequence and then sewn individually in 8s, 16s, or 32s. The sewing threads are visible at the center of each signature.
Term which may be applied to a single sheet, a grade of paper, or a description of paper, i.e. coated, uncoated, offset, etc.
Any printing press requiring paper in a sheet form as opposed to printing in rolls.
Occurs when the predominant fiber orientation is parallel to the shortest sheet dimension.
In printing, the undesirable condition in which the printing on the reverse side of a sheet can be seen through the sheet under normal lighting conditions.
A method of binding in which the folded signatures or cut sheets are stitched with wire along and through the side, close to the gutter margin. Pages cannot be fully opened to a flat position; also called side wire.
Section of book obtained by folding a single sheet of printed paper in 8, 12, 16 or 32 pages.
Another name for screen process printing.
Size or Sizing
Additive substances applied to the paper either internally through the beater or as a coating that improves printing qualities and resistance to liquids. Commonly used sizes are starch and latex.
A reusable platform support made of wood, on which sheets of paper are delivered, and on which printed sheets or folded sections are stacked. Also used to ship materials, usually in cartons that have been strapped to the skid. Or a quantity of paper, usually about 3000 lbs., skid-packed.
Placing pieces of paper between folded sections prior to trimming four sides, to separate completed books.
Watery suspension of pigments, etc., which is used in coating or papermaking.
An area of a blanket that is no longer firm and resilient, and that gives a light impression in the center of a well-printed area. Usually caused by physical damage of the blanket at impression.
A finish on paper that has been made smooth by passing through various rollers.
A method of fastening side-by-side signatures so that each is linked with thread to its neighbor, as well as saddle sewn through its own centerfold. Smythe-sewn books open flat. The stitching is on the back of the fold.
Spec'd instructions gives details of items such as paper, bindery techniques, type, etc., which have been determined for a given job.
The designer or printing production worker who determines the types of paper to be used under various circumstances.
Sophisticated instrument that measures color across a visible spectrum and produces data describing the color of a given sample in terms of the three parameters in color space.
Backbone of a book.
Wires in a spiral form inserted through specially punched holes along the binding edge.
A technique for simultaneously printing two colors from the same ink fountain.
Press varnish applied to a portion of the sheet, as opposed to an overall application of the varnish.
Property of paper to resist bending.
A popular method of sewing the signatures of a book together by stitching all the sheets at one time, either through the center of the inserted sheets or side-stitched from front to back.
A digital screening process that converts images into very small dots (14-40 microns) of equal size and variable spacing. Also called Frequency Modulated (FM) screening.
Standard sizes of paper or board.
Weights of papers stocked by mills and merchants.
Papers manufactured in popular sizes, weights, colors, etc. on a regular basis to maintain adequately stocked inventories in mill warehouses.
Paper distributor that stocks in his warehouse enough paper to immediately fill anticipated orders in the market. This eliminates the delay of ordering from the paper mill, taking delivery, and delivering to the customer.
Describes the "give" of a sheet of paper when it is subjected to tensile pressure.
Penetration of printing ink through a sheet of paper.
Alternating rolls of highly polished steel and compressed cotton in a stack. During the process the paper is subjected to the heated steel rolls and "ironed".
A sample book. A grouping of papers, usually in bound form, that displays the weights, colors, finishes and other particulars of a collection of papers to aid in the selection of grades.
TIFF Tagged Image File Format
A file format for graphics suited for representing scanned images and other large bitmaps. TIFF is a neutral format designed for compatibility with all applications. TIFF was created specifically for storing grayscale images, and it is the standard format for scanned images such as photographs-now called TIFF/IT.
TCF - Totally Chlorine Free
Includes both virgin and post-consumer fibers that are bleached without any chlorine containing compounds.
A general term applied to various grades of printing paper designed for deluxe printed booklets, programs, announcements and advertising. May be watermarked.
Letterpress printing that uses a special ink that while still wet is dusted with a resin powder. Then the sheets are baked which fuses the powder with the ink and gives the printing a raised effect.
Measurement in thousandths of an inch.
Permissible degree of variation from a pre-set standard.
Characteristic of paper. A slightly rough paper which permits acceptance of ink readily.
Papers that will allow information to be seen through them but not totally clear like acetate; Photographic positive mounted in a clear or transparent image.
Printing ink that does not conceal the color beneath. Process inks are transparent so that they will blend to form other colors.
The ability to print a wet ink film over previously printed ink. Dry trapping is printing wet ink on dry paper or over dry ink. Wet trapping is printing wet ink over previously printed wet ink.
Excess of the paper allowed a printed sheet for gripper and bleed.
In printing, marks placed on the copy to indicate the edge of the page where to cut or trim.
The final size of a printed piece after trimming.
Head to foot printing.
In paper, the property denoting difference in appearance and printability between its top (felt) and bottom (wire) sides.
Printing the same page or group of pages from two sets of plates, thereby producing two impressions of a piece at one time.
A design of letters of the alphabet intended to be used in combination with each other.
Paper that has not been coated. Nevertheless a given coated sheet can be made in a variety of finishes.
Term refers to an order produced or delivered that is less than the quantity specified by the customer. Allowances are permitted in trade practices for under-runs.
A term used to describe how many similar sheets can be produced from a larger sheet: two up, four up, etc.
Ultra Violet radiation method of drying process color inks on high-speed multicolor offset presses.
A slick, glossy coating applied to the printed paper surface and dried on press with ultraviolet (UV) light.
In printing, solventless inks that are cured by UV radiation. They are used extensively in screen-printing, narrow web letterpress and flexographic printing.
Thin, protective coating applied to a printed sheet of paper for protection or improved appearance.
A full, toothy, relatively rough finish paper surface of uncoated text and cover papers. Vellum is also used to designate translucent papers
A black and white print for proofing or for display.
Halftone whose background gradually fades away to blend with the surface of the paper.
Paper made from the fibers in their first use, usually from wood pulp.
Waterless Offset Printing
Refers to lithographic printing, where no fountain solution
The translucent design or name easily visible when a sheet is held to the light.
Quality of a sheet of paper to resist penetration by water from one surface to the other.
A lithographic printing press in which the paper is fed from a roll as a web (continuous ribbon), as opposed to sheets.
The name of a type of press that prints from rolls of paper.
The beginning of the paper machine, comprising the head box, wire, and wet presses; the first sections of the paper machine where the paper web is formed from water and the solid furnish components.
Wet Strength Paper
Paper where the fiber constitutes and/or the sheets are chemically treated to enhance their resistance to tearing, rupturing or disintegration after becoming saturated with liquids.
Whiteness of pulp and paper is generally indicated by its brightness.
The continuous open mesh material (earlier, a bronze or copper woven wire screen) used on the paper machine to initiate the water removal process.
The side of a sheet next to the wire in manufacturing. It is the side opposite from the felt or top side; usually not as smooth as the felt or top side. The bottom side of the web of paper, as it is produced on the paper machine; historically has been the rougher of the two sides.
Work And Roll
See work and tumble.
Work And Tumble
Printing one side of a sheet and turning it over from the gripper to the tail to print the second side using the same side guide and plate for the second side.
Work And Turn
Printing one side of a sheet and turning it over from left to right using the same side guides and plate for the second side.
Uncoated paper that has an even finish with a slight toothiness.
A general term applied to papers used for writing purposes.
Xx Yy Zz
Zig Zag Fold
Folding used with continuous forms with alternating position (head and foot).